Ecological investigations
and surveys
assessment in Natura 2000 sites
Guidance and training on impact assessment in Natura 2000 sites

Management plans for protected areas and traditional landscapes

Monitoring programmes
and surveys
ongoing research 
of endangered species
and plant photography
  Pasture landscape Höltigbaum : Management by grazing

  The “Höltigbaum” near Hamburg is a former military training ground. Typical landscape features are wide grassy stretches dotted with small ponds, patches of Calluna heath, wood pastures and brushwood. 
The objective of the management/management objective is to maintain and increase biodiversity. The year-round grazing with Galloway-cattle and sheep restrains the invasion of trees and scrubs. Other favourable effects are the reduction of the litter layer in grasslands. The trampling by the animals creates bare grounds and enhance the establishment of pioneer plants and insects. 
One success of the management was the significant increase of Great Crested Newts (Triturus cristatus, Annex II species) and the subsequent designation of Höltigbaum as a Natura 2000 site.
1999 the research project was launched by the nature conservation trust Stiftung Naturschutz Schleswig-Holstein with support of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN), the federal States of Hamburg and of Schleswig-Holstein. In co-operation with the University of Lüneburg, the Kiel Institute has designed and carried out extensive scientific investigations. The study focuses on the assessment of the interaction of grazing with fauna, flora and vegetation as well as on economic parameters from the perspective of the farmers involved. 
The Höltigbaum Project is going on:
After the end of the regular funding time, further support has been approved
for the years 2005-2006.

Priority targets for this phase of the projcet will be:
  • the medium and long term development of landscape and vegetation structures, with specila attention for distribution patterns of trees and shrubs,
  • the medium and long term development of the biological diversity and the analysis of nestedness of species under a whole year grazing regime. 
   Further information about the “Höltigbaum” Project
“Halboffene Weidelandschaft Höltigbaum”
(German and English available)

download as pdf-file
Proceedings of an international Workshop on “Pasture Landscapes and Nature Conservation” organized by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) in Lüneburg (March 2001)
ISBN 3-540-422920-4